European Royalty during World War II:
Royal Houses

Living Members of
The Former Ruling House of Lippe, 1939-1945

Head of House

Leopold IV, The Prince of Lippe (1871-     ).  Succeeded as Regent of Lippe in 1904 on the death of his father, Ernst, The Count of Lippe-Biesterfeld.  Succeeded as The Prince of Lippe in 1905 on the death of his distant cousin, Alexander, The Prince of Lippe (-Detmold).  Abdicated in 1918.
2nd Wife:  Anna, widow of Count Ernst of Lippe-Weissenfeld (below), née Princess of Ysenburg und Büdingen in Büdingen (1886-     )
Issue of his first marriage:
  1. Ernst, Hereditary Prince of Lippe (1902-     ).  Forfeited his rights of succession as a result of his first unequal marriage in 1924.
    2nd Wife:
    Herta-Elise, née Weiland (1911-     )

    Issue of his second marriage:
    1. Ernst Leopold, Prince of Lippe-Biesterfeld, born in Berlin on March 14, 1940.
    2. Viktoria, Princess of Lippe-Biesterfeld, born in Berlin on May 7, 1943.
  2. Leopold Bernhard, Prince of Lippe-Biesterfeld (1904-     )
  3. Karoline, Countess Hans von Kanitz (1905-     )
  4. Chlodwig, Prince of Lippe-Biesterfeld (1909-     ).  Married at Munich on March 27, 1940.  Forfeited his rights of succession as a result of his unequal marriage.
    Wife: 
    Veronika, née Holl (1915-     )

    Issue:
    1. Winfried-Chlodwig, Prince of Lippe-Biesterfeld, born in Munich on April 21, 1941.
  5. Sieglinde, Frau Friedrich-Carl Heldman (1915-     )
Issue of his second marriage:
  1. Armin, Prince of Lippe-Biesterfeld (1924-     )

Brothers and Sisters
Children of Ernst, The Count of Lippe-Biesterfeld (1842-1904)

Adelheid, Princess Friedrich of Saxe-Meiningen (1870-     )

Bernhard, Prince of Lippe-Biesterfeld (1872-1934).  Forfeited his rights of succession as a result of his unequal marriage in 1909.
Wife:  Armgard, formerly Countess Bodo von Oeynhausen, née von Cramm (1883-     ).  She was created Countess of Biesterfeld in 1909 and Princess of Lippe-Biesterfeld in 1916.
Issue:
  1. Bernhard, Prince of the Netherlands, né Prince of Lippe-Biesterfeld (1911-     ).  Created Prince of the Netherlands in 1937 upon his marriage to Crown Princess Juliana.
    Wife:
    Juliana, Crown Princess of the
    Netherlands (1909-     )

    Issue:
    1. Beatrix, Princess of the Netherlands, Princess of Lippe-Biesterfeld (1938-     )
    2. Irene, Princess of the Netherlands, Princess of Lippe-Biesterfeld, born on August 5, 1939, at Soestdijk Palace.
    3. Margriet, Princess of the Netherlands, Princess of Lippe-Biesterfeld, born on January 19, 1943, in Ottawa, Canada.
  2. Aschwin, Prince of Lippe-Biesterfeld (1914-     )

Julius Ernst, Prince of Lippe-Biesterfeld (1873-     )
Wife:  Marie, formerly Countess Georges Jamatel, née Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1878-     )
Issue:
  1. Elisabeth, Princess Ernst August of Solms-Braunfels (1916-     )
  2. Ernst August, Prince of Lippe-Biesterfeld (1917-     )

Karola, Princess of Lippe-Biesterfeld, Abbess of Lemgo (1873-     )

Brothers of Father
Sons of Julius, The Count of Lippe-Biesterfeld (1812-1884)

Friedrich, Prince of Lippe-Biesterfeld (1852-1892)
Wife:  Marie, née Princess of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg (1861-1941).  She died on April 26, 1941, at Büdingen.
Issue:
  1. Adelheid, Princess Heinrich of Schönburg-Waldenburg (1884-     )
  2. Olga, Countess of Erbach-Erbach (1885-     )
  3. Marie, Princess Carl of Ysenburg und Büdingen in Büdingen (1890-     )

Rudolf, Prince of Lippe-Biesterfeld (1856-1931)
Wife:  Luise, née Princess von Ardeck (1868-     )
Issue:  3 children, including
  1. Friedrich Wilhelm, Prince of Lippe-Biesterfeld (1890-1938).  Forfeited his rights of succession as a result of his unequal marriage in 1932.
    Wife: 
    Godela, née von Oven (1906-     )

    Issue:
    1. Rudolf, Prince of Lippe-Biesterfeld (1937-     )
  2. Marie Adelheid, Princess Reuss zur Lippe (1895-     ).  Took the title Princess Reuss zur Lippe upon her divorce from her third husband in 1936.

Friedrich Wilhelm, Prince of Lippe-Biesterfeld (1858-1914)
Wife:  Gisela, née Countess of Ysenburg und Büdingen in Meerholz (1871-     )
Issue:
  1. Calixta Agnes, Princess Waldemar of Prussia (1895-     )
  2. Barbara Eleonore, Countess Nikolaus von Luckner (1897-     )
  3. Simon Casimir, Prince of Lippe-Biesterfeld (1900-     ).  Forfeited his rights of succession as a result of his unequal marriage in 1935.
    Wife: 
    Ilse, née Splittgerber (1909-     )

Surviving Junior Lippe Line
Descendants of Count Ferdinand of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1709-1791)

Head of the House of Lippe-Weissenfeld

Ferdinand, Prince of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1903-1939).  Killed in action during World War II at Lublin on September 26, 1939.
Wife:  Dorothea, née Princess of Schönburg-Waldenburg (1905-     )
Issue:
  1. Franz, Prince of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1929-     )
  2. Margarete, Princess of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1932-     )

Brother
Son of Prince Clemens of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1860-1920)

Christian, Prince of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1907-     )
Wife:  Pauline, née Countess of Ortenburg (1913-     )
Issue:
  1. Clemens, Prince of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1937-     )
  2. Friedrich, Prince of Lippe-Weissenfeld, born at Dresden on March 18, 1939.
  3. Elisabeth, Princess of Lippe-Weissenfeld, born at Bautzen on December 8, 1940.
  4. Ferdinand, Prince of Lippe-Weissenfeld, born at Bautzen on November 14, 1942.
  5. Christian, Prince of Lippe-Weissenfeld, born at Teichnitz on October 18, 1945.

Brothers and Sisters of Father
Children of Count Franz of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1820-1880)

Alfred, Prince of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1865-1930/1944)

Elisabeth, Princess Wilhelm von Hanau und Horowitz, Countess von Schaumburg (1868-     )

Ernst, Count of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1870-1914)
Wife:  Anna, The Princess of Lippe after 1922 (above), née Princess of Ysenburg und Büdingen in Büdingen (1886-     )
Issue:
  1. Eleonore, Countess Sweder von Rechteren-Limpurg (1913-     ).  Divorced on June 15, 1944.

Sophie, Countess Adolf von Arnim (1876-     )

Brother of Great-Great-Grandfather
Son of Ferdinand, The Count of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1709-1791)

Karl, Count of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1740-1808)
Issue:  6 children, including
  1. Bernhard, Count of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1779-1857)
    Issue:  3 children, including
    1. Armin, Count of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1825-1899)
      Issue:
      1. Frieda, Countess of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1852-     )
      2. Kurt, Prince of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1855-1934)
        2nd Wife:  Johanna, née Krischke (1894-     )
        Issue of both his marriages:
        1. Marie Sophie, Princess of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1886-     )
        2. Karl Christian, Prince of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1889-1942).  Died at Jauer on September 18, 1942.
          Wife: 
          Hedwig-Maria, née von Trotha (1903-     )

          Issue:
          1. Karl Christian, Prince of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1930-     )
        3. Anne Christine, Frau Wilhelm von Oswald (1890-     )
        4. Kurt Bernhard, Prince of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1901-     ).  Married in Berlin on August 8, 1941.
          Wife: 
          Lilli, née Zetzsche (1904-     )

          Issue:
          1. Frithjof-Ludwig, Prince of Lippe-Weissenfeld, born at Overschreiberhall on November 24, 1943.
        5. Armin, Prince of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1919-1943).  Killed in action during World War II in Africa.
      3. Anna, Frau Thilo von Westernhagen (1861-     )
      4. Jobst Hermann, Prince of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1865-1945).  Died at Pouch on July 4, 1945.
  2. Hermann, Count of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1783-1841)
    Issue:
    1. Oktavio, Count of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1808-1885)
      Issue:  9 children, including
      1. Egmont, Count of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1841-1896)
        Issue:
        1. Rüdiger, Prince of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1880-     )
          Wife:  Margit, widow of Count Alexander von Faber-Castell, née Countess Zedtwitz von Moravan und Duppau (1886-     )
        2. Marie, Countess Oscar von Christalnigg von und zu Gillitzstein (1880-     )
        3. Alfred, Prince of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1881-     )
          Wife:  Anna, née Countess von Goëss (1895-     )
          Issue:
          1. Egmont, Prince of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1918-1944).  Killed in action during World War II at St. Hubert, France, on March 12, 1944.
          2. Carola, Frau Krafft von Dellmensingen (1920-     ).  Married at Vienna on August 16, 1944.
          3. Sophie Marianne, Princess of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1922-     )
          4. Theodora, Princess of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1924-     )
      2. Alfred, Count of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1848-1910)
        Issue:  3 children, including
        1. Amelie, Countess of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1893-     )
        2. Alfred, Prince of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1896-     )
          Issue:
          1. Alfred, Prince of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1922-     )
          2. Therese, Princess of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1925-     )
      3. Hermann, Prince of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1851-1936)
        Wife:  Helene, Duchess of Casalanza, née Baroness von Bianchi (1858-     )
    2. Kurt, Count of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1812-1895)
      Issue:  3 children, including
      1. Eberhard, Prince of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1854-1936)
        Issue:
        1. Hermann, Prince of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1889-1944).  Died at Pressburg on July 28, 1944.

Surviving Junior Lippe Line
Descendants of Philipp I, Count of Lippe-Alverdissen (1601-1681)

House of Schaumburg-Lippe

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Last updated on 12/05/03 .